Where a pet bird spends its time can have a huge impact on its well being. Selecting the proper sized bird cage for the bird’s enjoyment and safety is the first step to keeping a happy and healthy bird.
A general rule of thumb is that for large birds, the interior living space of the cage should be at least 1.5 times the bird’s adult wingspan – in depth, width and height. So, if a Sun Conure’s wing span will be 11 inches, the cage should be at least 18 inches wide, high and deep. Of course, more space is always better for the bird, as long as the bars of the cage are appropriately spaced to avoid injury.
Some smaller birds benefit from a flight cage that will allow them to really move around. Generally, having more space horizontally makes sense, as that allows more room for flight.
For small birds such as Finches, Parakeets and Lovebirds, bars should be spaced no more than 5/8” apart. For medium birds such as Conures, Senegal Parrots, and Cockatiels bars spaced from ½” to 7/8” are appropriate. Large birds such as African Greys, Amazon Parrots, Cockatoos and Macaws should have cage bars spaced from 3/4” to 1 3/8” apart. Having properly spaced cage bars allows the bird to climb while reducing the risk of injury.
Having the right sized cage is important for pet birds, as they will spend much of their time eating, playing and observing life from their home. You can also recommend play areas and perches for bird owners to set up in safe areas outside of the cage for additional stimulation, exercise and interaction.
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